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    Nyitólap » 2010 » Július » 31 » Police 10/11 and Penal Codes (in English)
    12:54
    Police 10/11 and Penal Codes (in English)
    Police 10/11 and Penal Codes
    Ten-codes, properly known as ten signals, are code words used to represent common phrases in voice communication, particularly by law enforcement and in Citizens' Band (CB) radio transmissions. The codes, developed in 1937 and expanded in 1974 by the Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials-International (APCO), allow for brevity and standardization of message traffic. They have historically been widely used by law enforcement officers in North America, although in 2005, the U.S. federal government recommended they be discontinued in favor of everyday language.
    The following is a list of police, fire and emergency codes listed in numerical order. If you notice that any codes are out of date, or if you have one to add to the list. Please contact us.

    History

    The development of the 10-codes began in 1937, at a time when police radio channels were limited, to reduce use of speech on the radio. Credit for inventing the codes goes to Charles "Charlie" Hopper. He was the Communications Director at the Illinois State Police, District 10, located in Pesotum, Illinois. Hopper was involved in radio for many years and saw a need to abbreviate radio transmissions on State Police bands. Experienced radio operators know that the first syllable of a transmission is frequently not going to be understood, but is a necessary part of "tuning in"; hence preceding every code with "ten" allows a better chance of understanding the critical portion. Also, the radios of the day were based on vacuum tubes, with a small motor-generator, called a dynamotor, used to generate the high voltage (300–600 volts, depending on the type of radio) needed to operate the transmitter, and the dynamotor took 1/10 to 1/4 of a second to "spin up". The officers were trained to push the microphone button, then wait a moment before talking, but sometimes they would forget; preceding every code with "ten-" gave the radio transmitter time to come up to full power.

    Ten-codes were later adapted for use by CB radio enthusiasts before its pop culture explosion in the late 1970s. The tremendous popularity of the 1975 Convoy song by C.W. McCall depicting droll conversation among CB-communicating truckers put several phrases, such as 10-4 for "understood" and what's your twenty? (10-20) for "where are you?" into common and enduring use in American English. The song was followed by a 1978 movie Convoy, which further entrenched the use of ten-codes in casual conversation.

    Related codes

    In addition, many agencies mingle various codes, especially those that used radio dispatch before the ten-codes were developed. For instance, the Los Angeles Police Department, which pioneered law enforcement radio communications, largely set the standard for law enforcement communications in California. Dispatchers began using California Penal Code sections in their broadcasts in the 1940s, and these code numbers are still used today, instead of the corresponding ten-code. The best-known include:

    * "187" – Homicide
    * "211" – Armed Robbery
    * "415" – Disturbance
    * "417" – Man or woman with a gun
    * "502" – Intoxicated Driver
    * "5150" – Mentally Ill Person

    Generally these are given as two sets of numbers – "One Eighty-Seven" or "Fifty-One Fifty" – with a few exceptions such as "459" – Burglary, which is given as "Four-Five-Nine." The well-known "420" for marijuana, however, originates from neither.

    The California Highway Patrol uses eleven-codes, and the Port Authority Police uses eight codes as part of their communication.

    Ten-codes are generally avoided in services such as amateur radio where other existing standards (Q code and prosigns for Morse code) are already long established. Aviation and marine radio is better served by Q-code, as the ten-code phrase lists were designed primarily for local police tasks while Q-code provides specific abbreviations for concepts related to aviation, shipping, RTTY, radiotelegraph and amateur radio. In radiotelegraph operation, a Q code is often shorter (as ten-codes require transmission of three prefix characters: 1, 0, hyphen) and provides standardization of codes, essential in international and shortwave communication.

    Police Scanner 10 Codes

    10-0 Caution
    10-1 Reception poor
    10-2 Reception good
    10-3 Stop transmitting
    10-4 Message received, understood
    10-5 Repay message
    10-6 Change channel
    10-7 Out of service
    10-7A Out of service, home
    10-7B Out of service, personal
    10-8 In service
    10-9 Repeat message
    10-10 Off duty
    10-10A Off duty, home
    10-11 Identify frequency
    10-12 Visitor(s) present
    10-13 Weather and road advice
    10-14 Citizen w/suspect
    10-15 Prisoner in custody
    10-16 Pick up prisoner
    10-17 Request for gasoline
    10-18 Equipment exchange
    10-19 Return(ing) to station
    10-20 Location
    10-21 Telephone
    10-21A Advise home I will return at:
    10-22 Disregard last assignment
    10-23 Stand by
    10-24 Request car-to-car transmit
    10-25 Do you have contact with:
    10-26 Clear
    10-27 D.D.L. report
    10-28 Registration request
    10-29 Check for wants
    10-29F Subject wanted, felony
    10-29H Hazard potential from subject
    10-29M Subject wanted, Misdemeanor
    10-29V Vehicle wanted
    10-30 Doesn't conform to regulations
    10-32 Drowning
    10-33 Alarm sounding, audible
    10-34 Assist at office
    10-35 Time check
    10-36 Confidential information
    10-37 Identify operator
    10-39 Can () come to the radio?
    10-40 Is () available for phone call?
    10-42 Check the welfare of/at:
    10-43 Call a doctor
    10-45 Condition of patient?
    10-45A Good
    10-45B Serious
    10-45C Critical
    10-45D Dead
    10-49 Proceed to:
    10-50 Under influence of drugs
    10-51 Drunk
    10-52 Resuscitator
    10-53 Man down
    10-54 Possible dead body
    10-55 Coroner case
    10-56 Suicide
    10-56A Suicide attempt
    10-57 Missing person
    10-59 Security check
    10-60 Lock-out
    10-61 Miscellaneous public service
    10-62 Meet a citizen
    10-62A Take a report from a citizen
    10-62B Civilian standby
    10-63 Prepare to copy
    10-64 Found property
    10-66 Suspicious person
    10-67 Person calling for help
    10-68 Telephone for police
    10-70 Prowler
    10-71 Shooting
    10-72 Gun involved
    10-73 How do you receive?
    10-79 Bomb threat
    10-80 Explosion
    10-86 Any radio traffic?
    10-88 Assume post
    10-91 Animal
    10-91A Animal, stray
    10-91B Animal, noisy
    10-91C Animal, injured
    10-91D Animal, dead
    10-91E Animal, bite
    10-91G Animal, pickup
    10-91J Animal, pickup collect
    10-91L Animal, leash law violation
    10-91V Animal, vicious
    10-95 Need ID tech unit
    10-97 Arrived at scene
    10-98 Available to assign

    Police Scanner 1-37 Codes

    Code 2 Urgent - no light or siren
    Code 3 Use lights and siren
    Code 4 No further assistance needed
    Code 5 Stakeout
    Code 6 Stay out of area
    Code 7 Meal break
    Code 8 Restroom break
    Code 9 Summer uniform
    Code 10 SWAT pre-call up
    Code 11 SWAT Call up
    Code 37 Subject/Property wanted

    Police Scanner 11 Codes

    11-10 Take report
    11-24 Abandoned vehicle
    11-25 Traffic hazard
    11-26 Abandoned bicycle
    11-27_10-27 W/driver held
    11-28_10-28 W/driver held
    11-40 Advise if ambulance needed
    11-41 Ambulance needed
    11-42 No ambulance needed
    11-44 Deceased person (Coroner Req'd)
    11-48 Furnish transportation
    11-51 Escort
    11-52 Funeral detail
    11-54 Suspicious vehicle
    11-55 Officer being followed by auto
    11-56_11-55 W/dangerous persons
    11-57 Unidentified auto at assignments
    11-58 Radio monitored, use phone
    11-59 Intensive attention: high hazard, business areas
    11-60 Attack in high hazard area
    11-65 Signal light out
    11-66 Defective signal light
    11-78 Aircraft accident
    11-79 Accident - Ambulance sent
    11-80 Accident - Major injuries
    11-81 Accident - Minor injuries
    11-82 Accident - No injuries
    11-83 Accident - No detail
    11-84 Direct traffic
    11-85 Tow truck required
    11-94 Pedestrian stop
    11-95 Routine traffic stop
    11-96 Checking suspicious vehicle
    11-97 Time/security check on patrol
    11-98 Meet:
    11-99 Officer needs help!

    Police Scanner Codes...

    187 Homicide
    207 Kidnapping
    207A Kidnapping attempt
    211 Robbery
    211A Robbery alarm
    211S Robbery alarm, silent
    217 Assault with intent to murder
    240 Assault
    242 Battery
    245 Assault with a deadly weapon
    246 Shooting at inhabited dwelling
    261 Rape
    261A Attempted rape
    273A Child neglect
    273D Wife beating - Felony
    288 Lewd conduct
    311 Indecent exposure
    314 Indecent exposure
    374B Illegal dumping
    390 Drunk
    390D Drunk, unconscious
    415 Disturbance
    417 Person with a gun
    417A Person with a knife
    459 Burglary
    459A Burglar alarm
    459S Burglar alarm, silent
    470 Forgery
    480 Hit and run - Felony
    481 Hit and run - Misdemeanor
    484 Petty theft
    487 Grand theft
    488 Petty theft
    502 Drunk Driving
    503 Auto theft
    504 Tampering with a vehicle
    505 Reckless driving
    507 Public nuisance
    510 Speeding or racing vehicles
    586 Illegal parking
    594 Malicious mischief
    595 Runaway car
    604 Throwing missiles
    647 Lewd conduct
    653M Threatening phone calls

    Police Scanner Codes...

    Code Blue Bus/Cab in trouble
    Code Red Varda Alarm activated
    Code Purple Gang Activity
    Medical / Fire Status Codes...
    Code 10 Critical Trauma case
    Code 20 Acute Trauma case
    Code 30 Trauma case
    Code 40 Serious case (IV started)
    Code 50 Basic transport (not serious)
    Code N Newsworthy event

    Police Scanner Codes...

    5150 Mental case
    10851 Auto theft
    10852 Tampering with vehicle
    20001 Hit and run - Felony
    20002 Hit and run - Misdemeanor
    20007 Hit and run - Unattended
    21958 Drunk pedestrian on roadway
    22350 Speeding
    22500 Illegal parking
    23101 Drunk driving - injuries
    23102 Drunk driving
    23103 Reckless driver
    23104 Reckless driver
    23105 Driver under narcotics
    23109 Racing
    23110 Person throwing objects at
    vehicles
    23151 Drunk driving - injuries
    23152 Drunk driver

    Kategória: Valódi életmentés/Real life-saving | Megtekintések száma: 750 | Hozzáadta: balzolt007 | Tag-ek(kulcsszavak): usa, Police, PenalCodes, 10Codes, 11Codes | Helyezés: 0.0/0
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